Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition marked by flaking
of the skin on your scalp. Dandruff isn't contagious or serious. But it can be
embarrassing and sometimes difficult to treat.
The good news is that dandruff usually can be controlled. Mild
cases of dandruff may need nothing more than daily shampooing with a gentle
cleanser. More-stubborn cases of dandruff often respond to medicated shampoos.
Dandruff can have several causes, including:
- Irritated, oily skin (seborrheic
condition, one of the most frequent causes of dandruff, is marked by red,
greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic
dermatitis may affect your scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, such
as your eyebrows, the sides of your nose and the backs of your ears, your
breastbone (sternum), your groin area, and sometimes your armpits.
- Not shampooing often enough: If you
don't regularly wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can
build up, causing dandruff.
- A yeast like fungus (malassezia): Malassezia
lives on the scalps of most adults. But, for some, it irritates the scalp
and can cause more skin cells to grow. The extra skin cells die and fall
off, making them appear white and flaky in your hair or on your clothes.
Why malassezia irritates some scalps isn't known.
- Dry skin: Flakes
from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other
causes of dandruff. And, redness or inflammation is unlikely. You'll
probably have dry skin on other parts of the body, such as your legs and
- Sensitivity to hair care products
(contact dermatitis): Sometimes sensitivities to
certain ingredients in hair care products or hair dyes can cause a red,
itchy, scaly scalp.
Treatment: Home Remedies
- Do not oil hair and keep it on for
pure myth that oiling is good for hair with dandruff, in fact
applying oil will lead to more dandruff as oil is like food for
Malazzesia which leads to dandruff. Applying oil to a dry, itchy scalp may
sound like heaven but may only exacerbate your dandruff condition, especially
when you let it sit on your scalp for longer periods of time.
helps in treating itchy, dry skin and also helps to kill dandruff-causing
fungus and bacteria. The acidic content of vinegar is supremely beneficial to
drastically reduce flaking.
Apply an equal quantity mixture of white vinegar with water on the scalp skin
about half an hour before a head wash.
the same active ingredient (salicylic acid) as many medicated dandruff
shampoos. Keep flaking in check by crushing two aspirins to a fine powder and
adding it to the normal amount of shampoo you use each time you wash your hair.
Leave the mixture on your hair for 1-2 minutes, then rinse well and wash again
with plain shampoo.
treat a bad case of dandruff, wash your hair with your regular shampoo, then
rinse with an alcohol-based mouthwash. Follow with your regular conditioner.
Mouthwash's anti-fungal properties help prevent dandruff-causing
yeast from growing.
abrasiveness of ordinary table salt works great for scrubbing out dandruff
flakes before you shampoo. Grab a saltshaker and shake some salt onto your dry
scalp. Then work it through your hair, giving your scalp a massage. You'll find
you've worked out the dry, flaky skin and are ready for a shampoo.