Diabetes : Causes, Symptoms, Types

Dr. SIVAYOGI VENKAT    07-07-2016 Consult

Due to a sedentary lifestyle, it becomes a challenging task to balance your health and stay away from the disease. Diabetes, one of the chronic diseases, is the fast gaining status of a potential epidemic in India. The disease is penetrating in almost every age group dauntlessly at an alarming rate.
Diabetes is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes. It often refers as a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate or the body cells do not respond properly to insulin or both.

There are certain symptoms one must keep an eye upon:
- Increased thirst and frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Loss in weight
- Fatigue
- Blurred Vision
- Slow recovery

People can find the above-mentioned symptoms at any age. Even newborn babies can also be seen with Diabetes now a day. The extent to which it has embedded in our lives is really surprising one.  There are many pieces of research has been made to understand, prevent and treat this diabetes.

Causes of Diabetes-

The occurrence of diabetes varies depending on your genetic spectrum, medical family history, ethnicity, health and various environmental factors. Depending on individual and body type, the causes of diabetes may vary. Here are some of the causes, include:

  1. Obesity: It is the key player in developing diabetes. Imbalances between calories were taken and physical activity leads to obesity resulting into insulin resistance. When you exercise, your muscles use sugar for energy and daily physical activity use insulin more efficiently.
  2. Sedentary Lifestyle: An inactive and desk-bound routine becomes a habit for all of us. Eating more of street food, junk food, cold drinks and likewise food with no physical activity leads to develop diabetes.
  3. Family History: Some diseases are received in heritage, having a family history of diabetes is also a potential factor of developing diabetes. Genes play an important role in its development.
  4. Poor Diet: Excessive intakes of fast foods, Trans-fats, artificial sweeteners and processed food will escalate blood sugar level. Dietary patterns play a crucial role in developing Diabetes.

Pregnant women at a Risk of Diabetes-

During pregnancy, females are getting affected by diabetes because of very high level of glucose in their blood. Their body spectrum is unable to produce sufficient insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells. Even an infant born to a diabetic mother is at a great risk of Diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes during pregnancy may lead to a significant increase in congenital malformation and serious complications during and after delivery.


Type 1 Diabetes:  This can be seen in children and adults more often. When the pancreas (a tiny gland behind the stomach) does not produce insulin, a hormone that moves glucose out of the blood and into your cells to be used for energy, type 1 diabetes occurs. The high amount of glucose in the blood can damage the other organ over a period of time.
Type 2 Diabetes: Here, the body produce insulin but either their pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body cannot use the insulin in a proper manner. This condition is called insulin resistance. Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they always have pre-diabetes. For some people with pre-diabetes, early treatment can actually return blood glucose levels to the normal.

Women and type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is harder on women. Being women would increase the chances of developing type 2 diabetes in their body. Due to certain hormonal changes, a women's body begins to proceed towards menopause, may cause critical blood glucose up-downs in them. Overweight and less physical activity raise the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Unique symptoms of Diabetes in Women:
- Vaginal and oral yeast infections
- Vaginal thrush
- Urine Infections
- Female sexual dysfunction
- Polycystic ovary Syndrome

Gestational Diabetes

Diabetes can cause difficulties during pregnancies resulting into miscarriage or a baby born with congenital defects. During pregnancy, the placenta makes hormones that can lead to a build-up of glucose in the blood. The blood glucose and ketones travel through the placenta to the baby. The babies acquire energy from sugar and it causes birth defects if it is high. Generally, the pancreas makes enough insulin absorb the sugar, but if not, gestational diabetes takes place.

Diabetes is on the rise and fuelled by a number of causes, affecting adults, young and infants at an escalating rate. Take the constructive initiative to avoid diabetes and relative complications, will surely help you to live longer and healthy.