Ms. Shweta Sharma 02-02-2016 Consult
Reports in various researches and surveys show an increase in the delinquent behaviour of the students aged 14-20 years not only in developed countries but also in developing countries like India. Juvenile Delinquent is a person who is under age (usually below 18), who is found to have committed a crime in states which have declared by law that a minor lacks responsibility and thus may not be sentenced as an adult.These juvenile delinquents sometimes have mental disorders/behavioral issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder or bipolar disorder, and are sometimes diagnosed with conduct disorder.Many factors like schools, neighborhood, Family, Society, Situations are equally responsible for the degradation or fall of a child. Hence, instead of labeling them as one we must try and find ways, rectify the errors in their lives, which led them to behave in this manner. Children are soft clay, we can mould them, we have the art, we have the knowledge, all that is needed is faith and patience which if we fail to practice, resulting in the complete reformation of a child to anti-social elements and thereby criminals, which is wrong on our part. In this study, we are trying to know socio-demographic variables, which might play a vital role in the development of criminals. To know the Socio-Demographic Correlates in Indian Scenario, we have conducted a research study in which we found following results:-
These findings are consistent with earlier findings too. Highlighting previous findings:
Physical abuse was found to be positively correlated with the type of crime, those with history of physical abuse were involved in crimes like murder, rape and stealing.
Conclusion & Implication
As it is evident from the above discussion that it's not just the will of an individual which makes him get into the world of wrong deeds, all other factors like schools, neighborhood, Family, Society, Situations are equally responsible for the degradation or fall of a child. A grave problem such as juvenile delinquency can't be solved by means of legislation and government efforts alone. As far as India is concerned in many of the states children Acts have not been effectively enforced. Some of these Acts themselves have effects. Official machinery is not effectively used for controlling this problem. Government and private agencies must work hand in hand with all sincerity and seriousness to find an effective remedy for the problem of juvenile delinquency. The public attitude towards Juvenile delinquents must also change. A juvenile delinquent is a product of unwholesome environment congenial for the development of his faculties in conformity with social expectations.